The Turkish Language originated in The Altay Mountain Range in Northern Siberia centuries ago. For this reason it is called an Altaic Language. As nomads expanded further into Asia Minor, they brought their language with them to Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan and other countries. Many of these languages are mutually intelligible although local usage and vocabulary, spelling and alphabet may differ. However they all exhibit the same grammatical structure of agglutination and vowel harmony.

Interesting Facts About the Turkish Language and Turkey

  • The first known inscriptions of Turkish, the Orkhon inscriptions from ~700 AD, were discovered in modern day Mongolia.
  • The Turks first introduced coffee to Europe and gave the Dutch their tulips.
  • Turkey produces 70% of the world’s hazelnuts.
  • Turkish carpets and rugs are recognized for their high quality craftsmanship, with historical records showing the tradition has been in places since at least 7000 BC.

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Turkish spices

Where Is Turkish Spoken?

Turkish is a Turkic language with about 70 million speakers in Turkey and in 35 other countries, including Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Denmark, El Salvador, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Iran, Iraq and Israel.

About the Turkish Language

Until 1928, Turkish was written with a version of the Perso-Arabic script known as the Ottoman Turkish script. In 1928, as part of his efforts to modernise Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk issued a decree replacing the Arabic script with a version of the Latin alphabet, which has been used ever since.

Turkish being a language emanating from Central Asia, is spoken from the borders of Greece to the hinterland of Western China. While the Ottoman Empire flourished Turkish was spoken from Vienna to Arabia, Egypt and Northern Africa. The Turkish vocabulary contains many words from Arabic, Persian and European languages.